….to holding the 2nd. World Human Rights Forum in the city of Marrakesh in Morocco from 27 to 30 November 2014. Morocco, organized as a monarchy, is the last country in the world continuing to colonize a people in the 21st century and has been repeatedly convicted by international organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the European Parliament, the UN and others, of constant violations of human rights.
Morocco is the colonizer of Western Sahara, which is the last instance cited for decolonization within the UN agenda. Currently a United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) is ongoing, which, due to a veto of France [complicit with the Moroccan lobbying efforts], has no authority to monitor the implementation of human rights in the region. The Secretary-General of the UN, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, on April 10, 2014, renewed appeals to the 15 Security Council nations charged with adding human rights monitoring and warned against the unjust exploitation of natural resources in the region.
Likewise, the International Court of Justice in The Hague said Western Sahara has never been part of Morocco, even before the Spanish colonization of 1884 and there was never any legal relationship that might corroborate the claims of occupation by Morocco.
Morocco is the only African country in the African Union which has illegally, through its military invasion of Saharawi territory, the principle of inviolability of borders inherited by decolonized countries. The King of Morocco holds nearly 3000 km of the world’s largest territory containing anti-personnel mines, whose intention is to prevent access of the Saharawi people to their land and its natural resources. Families have been separated for over 40 years, more than 500 people are cited as missing, and more than 70 imprisoned, some for life, by the Moroccan regime.
Several Brazilian authorities, who know this history of Morocco and also the fact that the country prohibits the free expression of sexual orientation and any demonstration of religious freedom which contrasts with the official religion of the kingdom, were not consulted regarding this at the time of the decision for the venue of the World Forum for Human Rights. As if that were not enough, everyday human rights violations, the dramatic increase in Morocco’s repression of public demonstrations, conferences, and seminars, against internal activities of legal organizations (such as summer camps, training seminars), restricting basic civil liberties and freedom of expression, and of assembly. Recently, two of the most important Moroccan human rights associations expressed their non-participation in the 2nd World Forum because it is the instrumentalization by the Moroccan kingdom of human rights to the kingdom’s benefit. The Moroccan Human Rights League, the Moroccan Association of Human Rights, the Attac-CADTM Morocco, the Saharawi human rights organizations, such as the Collective of Saharawi Defenders (CODESA) and others, were also, to date, prevented from participating in the Forum.
For the reasons set forth herein we express our displeasure and regret at the choice of place and the inevitable exploitation of the 2nd World Human Rights Forum by a government that is not committed to respecting the most basic international legal principles of sovereignty of peoples and human rights.
Cebrapaz – Brazilian Center of Solidarity with the Peoples and Struggle for Peace
UNEGRO – Negros Union for Equality
UBM – Brazilian Union of Women
MMM – Brazil – World March of Women
CTB – Central of Workers of Brazil
FS – Union Force
MST – Rural Landless Movement
UJS – Socialist Youth Union
CDDH – Campinas – Center for Defense of Human Rights of Campinas